THE POSITIVE WAY|Tuesday, October 21, 2014
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Record rice production in Bihar 

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It’s a 2012 green revolution for Bihar. A farmer has set the world record in paddy cultivation over a hectare, using the indigenous system of roots intensification (SRI). The previous record was China’s.
A young farmer named Sumant Kumar set a new record in rice production beating the existing world record to produce 190 quintals of paddy in a hectare. While Sumant achieved the extraordinary yield of 224 quintal paddy per hectare adopting “the system of rice intensification” (SRI).
Sumant’s result is of great significance. But what makes it noteworthy is not the record itself; or better, it is not merely that. There is more, it is the method that Sumant has employed to gain his bumper yield – SRI – which makes his record so relevant. Several times, on the pages of our magazine, SRI has been presented as a promising alternative to conventional ways of rice production. Yet, notwithstanding its potentialities, many within the formal agricultural establishment have often neglected, when not denied, its ability to be a convenient system of cultivation.
This approach was developed in Madagascar in 1983 by the French Jesuit Father Henri de Laulanié. It is the result of a series of empirical experiments in rice cultivation that de Laulanié started in the 1960s in order to help local farmers to deal with the scarcity of external input. As promoters like to define it, SRI is the system by which you can “produce more from less”. There are six basic elements that characterize and differentiate it from common practices. Generally seedlings of rice transplanted from smaller area to bigger. Those were done at much younger age. While doing so they transplanted one seedling at one point instead of clumps. They gave wider space between two seedlings and managed them in square pattern. Rice farms are seen as filled with water but in SRI they are not. Instead, they kept the soil moist. They weed rotary. Use of organic fertilizers is increased and did Nutrient Management through Leaf Color Chart (LCC)

Young Seedling (14 days old)

Single Seedling

Square Planting

Rotary Weeding

Alternate Wetting & Drying

LCC based N Management

 

Interested people can see more details at http://agritech.tnau.ac.in/sri.html

The application of these elements promises numerous advantages like higher yield, reduced requirement of seeds and demand of water.
Supanth congratulates Sumant and his friends on this achievement and thanks SRI…!

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